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What is depression? What are the signs and symptoms of depression?

Jan. 14, 2021, 5:04 p.m.

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To many people associate the concept of "disease" or "disease" with physical discomfort, weakness, the appearance of pain. Visiting the dentist, therapist, surgeon and other doctors is a common practice for a person who cares about his health

Than is no less important if you want to live a full life, it is important to take care of another important factor - mental health. One of the most common mental disorders is depression. It has a lot of symptoms and manifestations, which is why it can be quite difficult to diagnose it.

This to better understand what depression is and to help our readers realize the problem in a timely manner, we have collected the main symptoms that may indicate that you are beginning to have depression.

The main signs and symptoms of depression

Что такое депрессия

Despite the fact that the disease itself is not new, and its first mention appeared in the days of Antiquity, depression in our days is not fully understood.

Th not less, most patients have a number of common symptoms:

  • mood reduction;
  • emotional inhibition;
  • motor braking.

Addingly there are also such manifestations:

  • pessimism;
  • anxiety;
  • sleep disturbances;
  • suicidal thoughts;
  • loss or a sharp increase in appetite;
  • demine self-esteem.

If these signs of depression have appeared in you or your loved ones and do not pass a few days or weeks, you should think about finding a specialist.

In the life of every person there are situations when he feels anxiety and anxiety. An important exam, interview, presentation in front of management, colleagues or spectators, fear of punishment, aggression is not the most pleasant, but quite understandable process. We advise you to read about what an anxiety disorder is in the article

Depression can be in adults, including married couples, as well as in children and adolescents, pregnant women or young mothers.

Depression in adults

Depression that has arisen in an adult affects all areas of his life. He loses interest in work, his favorite hobby. There is a feeling of apathy and fatigue that does not go away even after rest. A break in activity can only aggravate the condition, not allowing him to return to the previous rhythm of life.Also a characteristic sign may be a sharp weight loss or vice versa - a person loses shape, stops playing sports.

If you do not consult a specialist in a timely manner, depression in adults can cause job loss, parting with a partner, deterioration of relations with loved ones.

Depression in married couples

Frequently causes divorces or situations where people separate for a while and even start a new relationship. One or both partners come to the fact that some of the qualities of the second half, which were previously perceived positively, are annoying. A person does not see a future in a couple, and the family structure, which used to be quite comfortable, becomes unbearable.

This type of depression is dangerous not only for the destruction of the family, but also for its impact on children, if a couple has them. Divorce or temporary separation can affect adolescents especially negatively

Depression in adolescents

Working problems, unrecycled love, parental divorce, family misunderstandings most often cause depression in adolescent children. The reaction is very similar to that of adolescent children.Standing as an adult, but has a more acute form, so parents of adolescents need to be especially attentive to their child

In addition to deteriorating grades or refusing to engage in sports, learning a foreign language and other hobbies, there is a threat of suicide. Therefore, if you see that your child has withdrawn into himself or observe a sharp change in his behavior and can not influence it, you can help with a psychologist's consultation.

Depression in children

Depressive disorder is also diagnosed in young children under the age of 3 years. The cause may be an injury or problems of intrauterine development received during childbirth, the death of the mother, placement in an orphanage or a tense situation in the family. The child eats poorly, slowly gains weight, and his reactions can be sloweddown.

Depression in young children can significantly affect their further development. In order to help the baby, be sure to consult a pediatrician. A certified specialist will be able to correctly assess the condition of the child and give further direction. Therapy requires the participation of parents, relatives or guardians.

Depression in pregnant women and postpartum depression

Sweetened attention is required by women in the position and young mothers. Changes in the hormonal background, figure, restrictions in favorite activities, especially if a woman led an active lifestyle, financial dependence on her husband and family can lead to this disorder

This is dangerous not only for the mother, but also for the child, since during this period their connection is especially strong. Severe postpartum depression can become a threat to the life and health of mother and baby.

Causes of depression

The most common cause of depression is a negative event in a person's life. It can be the death of a loved one, parting with a loved one, loss of work, trauma. Also, depressive disorder can be a side effect with drug treatment.

From a physiological point of view, there are several hypotheses, each of which has pros and cons. One of them says that a sharp or prolonged load on the brain as a result of stress can reduce the level of hormone production that affects the psychological state of a person. This is dopamine - the "hormone of happiness", which is responsible for the feeling of pleasure, norepinephrine, which provides the speed of reaction of the nervous system and serotonin, regulating physiological processes. It is their lack that explains the occurrence of the symptoms that we talked about above.

Who should I contact if depression occurs?

Several specialists work with this disease. If you do not know who to contact, then the first step may be to consult a psychologist. He can assess the condition, understand the cause of depression and help cope with this disorder if it is at an early stage.

The most serious cases are corrected by a psychotherapist. This is a specialist with a higher medical education who uses special screening techniques. On their basis, you can understand not only the cause of depression, but also determine the degree of complexity. If necessary, it is necessaryA psychotherapist may prescribe medication.

If the patient is diagnosed with severe depression as a result of the examinations, the psychotherapist may refer him to a psychiatrist. He may prescribe more intensive drug treatment, shock, electroconvulsive therapy or recommend going to the hospital if there is a threat to life and health.

What do you need to know?

The danger of depressive disorder is the difficulty of diagnosing it. Many people find it shameful to admit that they have a problem and need help. The reason may be a character trait, complex, or fear of losing a job.

Frequently this disease can develop quite slowly, which is why the patient may not be aware of the problem and inadequately assess his condition. Depression can also develop on the basis of childhood psychological traumas that have intensified under the influence of the trigger. It is not necessarily obvious, it can be a meeting with an old friend or relative, news that was initially not given attention (marriage or death of a former partner).

To avoid irreparable consequences or deterioration in the quality of life of a loved one, child or work colleague, show more attention, especially if you feel that there are changes. Often a heart-to-heart conversation can help a person get out of the state or realize that there is a problem. In the second case, try to convince you to seek advice from a psychologist, then specialists will help you choose the right treatment.

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