Panic attacks are always anxiety, panic, difficulty breathing and a pressing feeling of helplessness. They are sudden and a person immediately plunges into this state without noticing anything around. Not everyone determines that this is a panic attack, perceiving it as fatigue, or overstrain. This condition often happens in stressful situations, situations extremely unpleasant and painful for a person. Psychological discomfort is accompanied by bodily – shortness of breath, nausea, «cotton legs», chest pain.
Causes of panic attacks
Scientists have not yet come to a unified answer about the causes of panic attacks. But there is a certain pattern that speaks of the possible causes of its appearance. Almost always, panic attacks are present in neurological disorders. In practice, panic attacks can manifest themselves at:
- intrusion of the nervous system;
- chronic stress;
- psychic disorders;
- emotional overvoltation.
This are just a few of the main causes, but really panic attacks can be the result of situational discomfort. To this list you can add excessive activity in sports, a crowd of people, hormonal treatment, coronary heart disease, stroke, personality trait prone to emotional outbursts.
There are several risk factors that may show signs of panic attacks due to the influence of which may appear:
- genetic predisposition;
- the presence of a constant stimulus in the form of stress in the family, with loved ones;
- loss of a loved one;
- -induced self-esteem tendency to suspiciousness;
- besson girl;
- controlling coffee, or medication without a specialist's prescription;
Mental disorders are quite difficult to diagnose in the early stages, since the human psyche has not yet been fully studied, and the methods are not always effective. Most disorders have a number of characteristic symptoms, some of them may coincide in several types at once. Types of mental disorders - who cares to know which ones?
Signs and symptoms of panic attacks in women and men
Residents of large cities are more likely to suffer from panic attacks. According to statistics, 5% of people have had panic attacks at least once, women have panic attacks much more often than men because of greater emotionality. In addition to the state of anxiety, attacks are accompanied by:
- women often feel helpless;
- the fear of death;
- difficulty breathing, dry mouth;
- dizziness and pain in the head;
- suplimited sweating;
- vomiting and even vomiting;
- thyrestion of the heart rhythm;
- heavy in the limbs and their numbness;
- men panic with a sense of loss of control over the situation.
People who often encounter this problem need to know its root and get acquainted with the methods of stopping an attack on their own.
What are the dangers of panic attacks for women and men?
Panic attack is not fatal, but can significantly worsen the quality of life and lead to disease. The presence of signs of this disorder indicates the need to seek medical or psychological help. In most cases, panic attacks have psychological origins and to eliminate, or transfer them to a latent state, you need to contact a psychologist
Frequently running panic attacks lead to:
- sleep disturbance;
- neurotic disorders;
Sporting untimely help will lead to mental personality changes, which, unfortunately, can be irreversible. Unfortunately, men, unlike women, hardly recognize the very fact of psychological disorders and rarely seek help from a psychologist. To eliminate the likelihood of panic attacks, if there is a predisposition, it is necessary to avoid mental overload, adjust the mode of rest and work, sleep a sufficient amount of time. It is also worth giving up alcohol, or moderate its use.
Help with panic attacks
This condition does not directly threaten life, although it makes it difficult. If you do nothing – attacks will appear more often. Do not postpone your health, make an appointment with a psychologist on our website online. Without psychological support on your own, it is difficult to cope with this condition.
The psychologist helps to smoothly get out of the state, learn how to smoothly get out of a panic attack. Psychological help will include:
- cognitive behavioral therapy to identify the symptomatic nature. Learning to cope with this condition on your own;
- surnissory psychodynamic therapy. It helps to realize the absence of a threat to life and find out the cause of the condition;
- relaxation techniques relax muscles and control breathing, which helps eliminate anxiety;
- psychotherapy for support. Helps identify the interpersonal causes of the problems that triggered the panic attack;
- family therapy with the inclusion of all family members in the process.
Of one's part, a person should eliminate negative factors: stress, alcohol, smoking and malnutrition. It is worth including regular physical activity in your routine – they reduce the manifestation of attacks.
It is worth consulting a doctor to exclude the presence of physical disorders that can be the cause of panic attacks.
Consultation can take place online, the psychologist of our site in a comfortable environment will diagnose the condition and its correction in order to get rid of panic attacks forever.