For children of any age, mathematics is needed. It's not about the ability to solve equations, cramming the theory, but in the development of intelligence, thinking. Some children have innate abilities for mathematical sciences, and some it is difficult. But in preschool age it is possible to develop mathematical abilities. With the help of mathematics, the child develops flexibility of the mind, improves logical thinking, ability to analyze.
Development of mathematical abilities in preschoolers
So that a child in preschool age understands the world of numbers and loves it, parents should work on it on their own. Of course, everything should be in the form characteristic of preschoolers. There are several easy steps to help the child love and understand mathematics:
teach him to compare objects. Compare toys, books, trees. Teach your child the basic concepts: large, small, short, long, etc. In the process you can learn and compare colors. The main thing is that this concept is demonstrated visually. Learning to compare, the child develops the ability to analyze. You can do this in any situation. There are many methods on this topic, and the task of the parent is to choose the right one;
· master the ability to generalize. This skill in mathematics will come in handy. Do it in a game form, for example, show a few geometric shapes and ask to answer what they mean. If you cannot systematize knowledge yourself, buy books for kids. In books everything is clearly described. This skill develops analytical abilities and teaches the child to draw conclusions;
· the skill of analysis and synthesis. The child must learn to disassemble the whole concept into components and vice versa. For example, a tree consists of a root, trunk, branches and leaves. This is an analysis. Synthesis is the opposite process, when an object is determined from the components;
· classification of concepts. It is important to teach the child to classify objects. For example, a group of certain animals should be classified as domestic, or wild;
· puzzles and riddles. Such interesting tasks help to develop ingenuity and thinking. Gradually, you need to complicate the level without stopping at the same type of tasks.
<div class="J0lOec">We advise you to read how to prepare for the exam yourself</div>
Scientists have proved that children engaged in music know mathematics better. Kids who recognize the duration of notes, beats, learn to divide, recognize repetitions and fractions. Therefore, giving their child to a music school has the opportunity to develop mathematical abilities in him. In any case, the main thing is the voluntariness and interest of the child. Do not go through the force «push » in the child mathematical knowledge, wanting to grow a child prodigy. The interest of the child – the best motivator in the knowledge of mathematics.
Development of mathematical abilities in younger schoolchildren
The development of mathematical abilities in younger students is possible. It does not matter what the initial level of inclinations, it is important to effectively develop them. For younger schoolchildren, the game is still characteristic, but with more complex elements. Classes can be aimed not at mathematics directly.And on the development of logical thinking.
Shakhmaty – a great way to develop logical thinking. With the help of this game, the child calculates not only his moves, but also possible moves of the opponent. Checkers are also a useful game. The logic of spatial thinking develops with the help of puzzles and puzzles. In addition, they help to develop fine motor skills.
Nothing motivates a child to learn like a genuine parental interest in math topics. If you show an interest in math – the child will certainly get involved in the process. It is important for him to feel supported and feel the importance of classes.
Equid the student's space. A visual aid should be interesting to the student: posters, counting, a calculation board. All this will make the learning process interesting.
Regularity of classes will give good results. Only systematic classes will help to achieve good knowledge.
Don't force your child to constantly sit on math. It's important to alternate physical and mental activity. Oxygen enters the brain along with exercise, and the child absorbs information better.
Important to remember that not every child is given to become a mathematical genius. Focus on the development of logical thinking, the ability to analyze and synthesize information. This will help not only in mathematics, but also in everyday life. If difficulties arise, do not criticize the child. In the process, it is important not to spoil the relationship with the child, not to cultivate hatred for this subject. Classes should be lively and emotional, so that the parent and the child are on the same page.
Many parents get hung up on math and prevent their child from developing other talents in which he is good. Focus on mathematics, but pay attention to the true desires and abilities of your child.